Support for children aged 0-25 with Special Educational Needs and Disabilities

SEND Jargon Buster

Some of the terms and acronyms used when we talk about Special Educational Needs and DisabilitiesDisabilitiesA physical or mental impairment that has a substantial and long-term negative effect on an individual’s ability to do normal daily activities. and services for children and young people can be confusing. This list has been put together to explain their meanings.

The Council for Disabled Children also has useful jargon busters.

If you see something that you haven’t come across before and it’s not listed here, let us know by emailing localoffer@bcpcouncil.gov.uk and we’ll add it to this page.

The lists are in alphabetical order. We’ve also included terms that commonly get shortened to abbreviations.

Acronyms (initials):

CO - Case Officer

DfE - Department for Education

BESD – Behavioural, Emotional and Social Difficulties

EHCPEHCPA legal document that describes a child or young person's special educational, health and social care needs. It explains the extra help that will be given to meet those needs and how that help will support the child or young person to achieve what they want to in their life. – Education, Health and Care Plan

EP - Educational Psychologist

ESW - Educational Social Worker

IS - Independent Support/Supporter

LA - Local AuthorityLocal AuthoritySometimes known as the council, a local authority is an organisation that is officially responsible for public services and facilities in a particular area. (your council)

SALT - Speech and Language Therapy/Therapist

SENSENSpecial Educational Needs is a term which refers to children who have learning difficulties or disabilities that make it harder for them to learn than most children of the same age. - Special Educational Needs

SEND – Special Educational Needs and/or DisabilitiesDisabilitiesA physical or mental impairment that has a substantial and long-term negative effect on an individual’s ability to do normal daily activities.

SENDCO – Special Educational Needs and DisabilityDisabilityA physical or mental impairment that has a substantial and long-term negative effect on an individual’s ability to do normal daily activities. Coordinator

SENCOSENCOThe SENCO is responsible for coordinating provision for pupils who have special educational needs and/or disabilities. Those are children or young people who need more help than is normally available to pupils of the same age. - Special Educational Needs Coordinator

TA – Teaching Assistant

PMLD – Profound and Multiple Learning Difficulties

SEMHD - Social, Emotional and Mental Health Difficulties

SLCN - Speech, Language and Communication Needs

SPLD - Specific Learning Difficulties

Words and phrases:

Code of PracticeCode of PracticeA document that explains the duties of local authorities, health bodies, schools and colleges to provide for those with special educational needs under part 3 of the Children and Families Act 2014.   – guidelines set out by the government that explain the local authority's duties and those of schools, colleges, health services and anyone else who supports children and young people with SEND.

DisabilityDisabilityA physical or mental impairment that has a substantial and long-term negative effect on an individual’s ability to do normal daily activities. – a physical or mental impairment which has a long-term and substantial adverse effect on a person's ability to carry out normal day-to-day activities.

Education, health and care needs assessment – the process by which a local authority looks at information and evidence about your child to find out how much extra support they need.

Education, health and care plan – a legal document created by a local authority that describes a child or young persons (0 to 25 years) education, health and social care needs.

Health provision - the type of health care set out in an EHCPEHCPA legal document that describes a child or young person's special educational, health and social care needs. It explains the extra help that will be given to meet those needs and how that help will support the child or young person to achieve what they want to in their life.. For example: medicine, nursing care and special equipment.

Local Offer – information about local education, health and social care services available in the local area for children and young people with Special Educational Needs aged 0 to 25 and their families.

Outcomes – the difference that an intervention has made to someone’s life. For example, the result of using a new transport service has the outcome of making travel easier.

Phase transfer – when a child moves from one phase of their education to another. For example, if they go up a school year or move from an early years setting to school or from school to college.

Portage – a home-visiting education service for children aged 1 to 3 years with significant developmental delay and complex SEND needs.

SEN support – a category of extra help available for children and young people with SEND in education settings (previously called School/early years action and action plus)

Setting – anywhere a child or young person receives education, for example a nursery, childminder or pre-school, school or college.

Social care provision – the help that people get to live at home, or to get about in the community.

Special educational needs – when someone has a learning difficulty or a disability that makes it harder for them to learn than for people the same age.

Special education provision – extra help related to a child or young person’s education.

Young person – for the purposes of SENSENSpecial Educational Needs is a term which refers to children who have learning difficulties or disabilities that make it harder for them to learn than most children of the same age. law, a young person is anyone over compulsory school age but under the age of 25.